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  • Writer's picturelionheartlanders

KK Women’s and Children’s Hospital: A Glimpse of Then & Now

Updated: Apr 17

KK Women’s and Children’s Hospital (Credit Ssangyong E&C)
KK Women’s and Children’s Hospital (Credit Ssangyong E&C)

Embark on an enriching learning journey with us as we delve into the vibrant tapestry of Little India. Join our exploration where we will not only uncover the cultural nuances of this dynamic neighborhood but also focus on iconic landmarks such as Campbell Lane, Tekka Market, Little India Arcade and many more. And a stone's throw away from Tekka Market is a very significant landmark, the KK hospital.

KK Hospital is conveniently situated in close proximity to the vibrant enclave of Little India in Singapore. This strategic location not only facilitates easy accessibility for those seeking medical services at KK Hospital but also allows visitors to immerse themselves in the cultural richness and diversity of Little India. KK Women’s and Children’s Hospital, established in 1858, has evolved from its early days as a general hospital into Singapore's largest and only integrated women’s and children’s medical facility. Specializing in obstetrics, gynaecology, neonatology, and paediatrics, the hospital has a rich history rooted as the Kandang Kerbau Hospital. Over the years, KK Hospital has played a crucial role in providing healthcare services to women and children, adapting to changing needs and growing into a modern institution. In this blog post, we will explore the historical journey of KK Hospital, delving into its origins, developments, and its current status as a prominent healthcare institution in Singapore.

Address: 100 Bukit Timah Rd, Singapore 229899

Founded in: 1858

Early Years and Purposeful Expansion

KK Hospital originated in 1858 as a general hospital in the Kandang Kerbau district, serving both Europeans and locals. It initially focused on providing medical care for a growing population, eventually evolving to admit women for childbirth and gynaecological conditions in 1865. The hospital adapted to societal changes, such as the Contagious Diseases Ordinance in 1870, leading to the establishment of the Lock Hospital for the treatment of sexually transmitted diseases.

Old KK Women’s and Children’s Hospital (Credit
Old KK Women’s and Children’s Hospital (Credit

Maternity Services and Renovations

The hospital transformed into a Free Maternity Hospital in 1924, addressing the increasing demand for maternity services. Under the leadership of Dr J. S. English, KK Hospital underwent renovations in 1923, emerging as a vital institution catering to the poor who couldn't afford medical fees. Over the years, extensions were added, reflecting the hospital's commitment to meeting the needs of the community.

KK Women’s and Children’s Hospital Older days (Credit
KK Women’s and Children’s Hospital Older days (Credit

War-time Transformation and Rehabilitation

During the Japanese Occupation, KK Hospital became an emergency general hospital treating war casualties. Postwar, it resumed its role as a maternity hospital, playing a crucial role in the postwar rehabilitation of healthcare services. Notably, advancements such as the lower-segment method of the caesarean section were introduced during this period.

Decline in Birth Rates and Adapting to Change

Singapore's birth rate declined due to government family planning campaigns in the 1960s and 1970s. KK Hospital faced challenges as delivery rates decreased, attributed to the opening of obstetrics units in other hospitals and a growing pool of private obstetricians and gynaecologists. The hospital adapted by restructuring in 1990, operating as a private company but still government-owned.

Adapting to the Modern Era

In 1997, KK Hospital relocated to 100 Bukit Timah Road, marking a new chapter in its history. Renamed KK Women’s and Children’s Hospital, it expanded its facilities, centralizing paediatric medical services. The hospital's restructuring emphasized its commitment to providing comprehensive and specialized care for women and children.

KK Women’s and Children’s Hospital (Credit Wikipedia) 
KK Women’s and Children’s Hospital (Credit Wikipedia) 

Modern Facilities and Architectural Features

The current KK Women’s and Children’s Hospital, occupying 4.8 hectares, features two six-storey towers on a four-storey podium. Designed by architect Tay Kheng Soon and constructed at a cost of S$393 million, the hospital's layout prioritizes lighting and ventilation. Its "race track" design reflects a commitment to creating a conducive environment for healthcare delivery.

Celebrating Milestones and Unveiling the Past

In 2014, KK Women’s and Children’s Hospital celebrated its centennial. The occasion included the unearthing of a time capsule containing historical artifacts, including a 1966 Guinness Book of Records certificate, symbolizing the hospital's enduring legacy and contributions to Singapore's healthcare landscape.


From its humble beginnings in the 19th century, KK Women’s and Children’s Hospital has transformed into a leading healthcare institution, embodying resilience and adaptability. Its journey reflects the evolution of healthcare services in Singapore, showcasing a commitment to maternal and child health. As KK Hospital continues to play a pivotal role in Singapore's healthcare, its rich history remains an integral part of the nation's medical narrative.

Curious to learn more? 

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