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A Mosaic of Faith: Exploring Islam in Singapore

Kampong Gelam Sultan Mosque (Credit The National)
Kampong Gelam Sultan Mosque (Credit The National)

Singapore is a country where diverse cultures, languages, and religions intertwine seamlessly. Among the many faiths that call this island home, Islam holds a significant and cherished position. Let's embark on a journey to explore the history, cultural influences, and festive celebrations of Islam in Singapore, and understand how it shapes the lives of its followers.

A Brief History

Islam's presence in Singapore dates back to the 14th century, well before the British arrived. The religion was introduced through Arab and Indian Muslim traders who plied their trade routes through the Malay Archipelago. This early introduction laid the groundwork for a lasting Islamic influence.

In 1819, when Sir Stamford Raffles established Singapore as a British trading post, he acknowledged the importance of Islam in the region by recognizing the role of the Sultan of Johor and his followers. This recognition was pivotal in the continuation and growth of the Islamic community.

Cultural Influence

Islam's influence in Singapore is woven into the very fabric of the nation's culture. The Malay community, which forms the majority of the Muslim population, has infused the local culture with rich traditions and practices that are uniquely Singaporean yet deeply rooted in Islamic faith.

One of the most visible cultural influences is in the architecture. Mosques, with their distinctive domes and minarets, dot the cityscape. The Sultan Mosque, with its grand golden dome, stands as an iconic landmark in the Kampong Gelam area, reflecting both historical significance and architectural beauty.

Islamic values also permeate the daily lives of Muslims in Singapore. The concept of Halal permissible according to Islamic law extends beyond food to encompass finance, fashion, and various lifestyle choices. This adherence to Halal principles ensures that Islamic traditions are respected and maintained in a modern context.

Islam in Singapore (Credit TimeOut)
Islam in Singapore (Credit TimeOut)

Festivals and Celebrations

Festivals are a joyous time that brings the community together, and Islamic festivals in Singapore are no exception. The two major Islamic celebrations are Hari Raya Puasa and Hari Raya Haji.

Hari Raya Puasa, also known as Eid al-Fitr, marks the end of Ramadan, the holy month of fasting. It's a time of forgiveness, charity, and community. Families gather to perform the special Eid prayers, don new clothes, and enjoy sumptuous feasts. Traditional Malay dishes like ketupat (compressed rice cakes) and rendang (spicy meat stew) are staples at the festive table. The streets and homes are decorated with vibrant lights, and the spirit of joy is palpable.

Hari Raya Haji, or Eid al-Adha, commemorates the willingness of Prophet Ibrahim to sacrifice his son as an act of obedience to God. It involves a ritual of animal sacrifice, with the meat distributed among family, friends, and the less fortunate. This festival underscores the values of sacrifice, sharing, and compassion.

The Muslim Population Today

Today, Muslims make up about 15.6% of Singapore's population according to the 2020 census, a reflection of the nation's multicultural ethos. This community is diverse, comprising mainly Malays, but also including Indians, Pakistanis, Arabs, and converts from various ethnic backgrounds. This diversity enriches the Islamic experience in Singapore, creating a mosaic of practices and traditions.

Muslim in Singapore (Credit The Smart Local)
Muslim in Singapore (Credit The Smart Local)


Islam in Singapore is more than just a religion; it's a way of life that influences social norms, cultural practices, and community values. From the historical mosques that stand as testaments to the past, to the vibrant festivals that bring joy and unity, Islam contributes to the rich tapestry of Singapore's multicultural society.

As we continue to celebrate this diversity, it's essential to appreciate and respect the unique elements each faith brings to our shared space. The story of Islam in Singapore is one of harmony, resilience, and a beautiful mosaic of faith that enhances the nation's cultural landscape.

Want to Learn More?

Dive into our blog posts here to learn more about religions in Singapore and gain insights into Singapore’s cultures and local community. 

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